People of color are disproportionately and more severely affected
By Dolores Quintana
While many might believe the pandemic is over, Covid 19 continues to claim lives every day. A study published by the Journal of the American Medical Association revealed that not only has Covid caused a huge death toll in the United States, but the pandemic has actually reduced life expectancy in California by at least two years, as bring it back News from Princeton.edu.
According to the study, “life expectancy has increased from 81.40 years in 2019 to 79.20 years in 2020 and 78.37 years in 2021”. Professor Hannes Schwandt from Northwestern University led the study which also found that a disproportionate number of people of color are hardest hit by loss of life expectancy due to the income gap.
The study notes that “among the Asian, Black and White Hispanic, and non-Hispanic populations, life expectancy decreased by 5.74 years among the Hispanic population, by 3.04 years among the non-Hispanic Asian population, by 3.04 years among the non-Hispanic Asian population, by 3.04 .84 years among the non-Hispanic black population and 1.90 years among the non-Hispanic white population between 2019 and 2021.”
In general, “life expectancy has increased from 81.40 years in 2019 to 79.20 years in 2020 and 78.37 years in 2021. Differences in life expectancy between census tracts in income percentiles the highs and lows went from 11.52 years in 2019 to 14.67 years in 2020 and 15.51 years. years in 2021.
What the researchers also looked at was the decrease in life expectancy relative to income. What they found was that in 2020 and 2021, decreases in life expectancy in California were greatest in the lowest income census tracts. Specifically, the report states: “Compared to 2019, life expectancy in 2020 decreased by 3.79 years (from 75.90 to 72.11 years) in the lowest income percentile, while it decreased by 0.64 years (from 87.42 to 86.78 years) in the highest income percentile. .”
Janet CurrieProfessor Henry Putnam of Economics and Public Affairs at Princeton University said, quoted by Princeton.edu news, “Our findings highlight the disproportionate burden the pandemic is placing on low-income people and people of color”.
Hannes Schwandt said: “We’ve had indications that the pandemic has hit the economically disadvantaged hardest, but we’ve never really had any numbers on the actual loss of life expectancy across the income spectrum. . I am shocked by the magnitude of the differences and the degree of inequality they reflected.