Putin’s article opens at least four interconnected avenues of interpretation of how Russia can behave internationally and structure its relations with the immediate neighborhood.
This may signal that Russia is joining other powerful actors like China, India, Iran and other “revisionist states” in seeing world politics as entering a new era defined by the multiplicity of cultural discourses and civilizational, in which civilization becomes one of the crucial elements. elements of the new structure of international relations (in addition to states, international organizations and law, and regional / global social movements).
This may suggest that the Russian leader believes that the long period of the past three centuries in which the West has been a dominant economic, cultural and political force is not only coming to an end but is being replaced by a new paradigm. This paradigm presents the emergence of the civilizational model of international relations and regional dialogue, in which cultural / civilizational similarities and differences will perhaps influence global models of collaboration, confrontation and dependence.
It may also mean that in the world of civilizations, some small and medium-sized states (such as Belarus or Ukraine) will have to make crucial choices that may reshape the current form of power-based geopolitics to adapt. to a membership-based model. to a regionally or globally dominant civilization.