Beyond these, other important factors are also considered. These include the degree of functionality and stability of the government, the availability of good jobs, the accessibility of health and social services, personal freedom, a highly efficient education system, etc.
Over the years, the United Nations Human Development Index (HDI) has become the most widely used and universally accepted tool for measuring the development status of different countries. According to the United Nations Development Programme, “The HDI was created to emphasize that people and their abilities should be the ultimate yardstick for judging a country’s development, not just economic growth.”
Some of the key indicators tracked by the HDI are: life expectancy rate, adult literacy rate, internet access and income inequality. According to World Population Review, these indicators are all compiled to a number between 0.00 and 1.00.
Countries that score very low on these indicators (0-0.55) are classified as having a low human development rate. Those with a score between 0.55 and 0.70 are classified as medium human development countries, while those with a score between 0.70 and 0.80 are classified as having a high human development rate. Meanwhile, countries with high human development ratios score between 0.80 and 1.0.
Based on the latest Human Development Index dated December 2020, these are the 10 most developed African countries. Note that African countries generally rank low compared to the global average. For example, Mauritius, which is ranked as the most developed country in Africa, ranked 66th out of 189 countries in the world.
- Mauritius: This island country has an HDI ranking of 0.804. .
- Seychelles: It is yet another African island country with a high HDI ranking of 0..796.
- Algeria: This North African country has an HDI of 0.748.
- Tunisia: Tunisia has an HDI ranking of 0.740.
- Botswana: Botswana is the fifth most developed country in Africa with an HDI of 0.735.
- Libya: Libya’s HDI stands at 0.724, according to the latest UN HDI ranking.
- South Africa: This country has an HDI ranking of 0.709, thus taking the position of the 7th most developed country in Africa.
- Egypt: Egypt comes in 8th position with an HDI of 0.707.
- Gabon: In 9th position, we have Gabon with an HDI ranking of 0.703.
- Morocco: Finally, Morocco has an HDI ranking of 0.686.